Author: admin

Job description: Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop

This occupation is in the group “Farming, fishing and forestry occupations”

Job description:

Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

Job Tasks

Apply pesticides, herbicides or fertilizers to crops.

  • Apply chemical solutions to plants to protect against disease or insects or to enhance growth.

Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress.

  • Confer with managers to make operational decisions.

Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers.

Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting.

  • Direct activities of agricultural, forestry, or fishery employees.

Set up and operate irrigation equipment.

  • Operate irrigation systems.

Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.

  • Operate farming equipment.

Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment.

  • Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment.

Clear and maintain irrigation ditches.

  • Trim trees or other vegetation.

Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs.

  • Maintain operational records.

Dig and plant seeds, or transplant seedlings by hand.

  • Plant crops, trees, or other plants.

Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures.

  • Build agricultural structures.

Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops.

  • Sort forestry or agricultural materials.

Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.

  • Harvest agricultural products.

Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities.

  • Load agricultural or forestry products for shipment.

Reference link:

Job description: Barista

This occupation is in group “Food preparation and serving related Occupations”

Basic Job Description:

Prepare or serve specialty coffee or other beverages. Serve food such as baked goods or sandwiches to patrons.

Job Duties and Tasks for: “Barista”

1) Prepare or serve hot or cold beverages, such as coffee, espresso drinks, blended coffees, or teas.

2) Clean or sanitize work areas, utensils, or equipment.

3) Clean service or seating areas.

4) Check temperatures of freezers, refrigerators, or heating equipment to ensure proper functioning.

5) Describe menu items to customers or suggest products that might appeal to them.

6) Order, receive, or stock supplies or retail products.

7) Provide customers with product details, such as coffee blend or preparation descriptions.

8) Receive and process customer payments.

9) Serve prepared foods, such as muffins, biscotti, or bagels.

10) Stock customer service stations with paper products or beverage preparation items.

11) Take customer orders and convey them to other employees for preparation.

12) Take out garbage.

13) Weigh, grind, or pack coffee beans for customers.

14) Wrap, label, or date food items for sale.

15) Create signs to advertise store products or events.

16) Demonstrate the use of retail equipment, such as espresso machines.

17) Prepare or serve menu items, such as sandwiches or salads.

18) Set up or restock product displays.

19) Slice fruits, vegetables, desserts, or meats for use in food service.

Reference link:

Labor markets: current trend


Most Vietnamese workers find their jobs through ad hoc, informal channels. About half of job-seekers relied on friends or relatives to find a job. Young people and the less-skilled gravitated toward personal networks, even though they likely have smaller employment-relevant social circles. Search in cities, with their more organized labor markets, rely less on personal connections. Another 22 percent did not look for a job but instead undertook means to start their own business; this reflects a new generation of (mostly) household enterprise owners. Older groups of workers have a higher tendency to start their own firms, as is observed across the world.

In spite of the emergence of a range of e-platforms and services to facilitate the job match, few job-seekers use these methods to find jobs.

Internet-based job search sites are proliferating, but only 2-3 percent of job seekers use these sites; not surprisingly, youth are more inclined to find jobs via the internet. However, even person-to-person job search assistance – via recruitment firms, education institution-based services, and public employment services – are infrequently used. Older workers depend more on publicly provided services than do younger workers, but this still accounts for less than 10 percent of job search by workers age 45-65. This may be partly explained by anecdotal evidence about abusive private and public search support services.

Poor information about labor markets hinders efficient jobs matches. Employer cite three issues, that can be tied to information: poor information about the skills required to do a job, insufficient information about the kinds of jobs that are available, and incorrect information about the wages or work conditions for which the applicant is eligible.


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